The Russian Bachelor's Degree
Like the U.S. Bachelor's Degree, the Russian "Bakalavr" requires students to complete full-time university-level studies for four years. Unlike the U.S. Bachelor's Degree's requirements, fifty to eighty percent of the "Bakalavr" curriculum is mandated by a governmental educational organization. The other fifty percent can be crafted by the university. If you are applying to a Master's Degree program in the U.S., be sure you get your Russian diploma translated, certified, and notarized. Many U.S. universities will also require a certified and notarized translation of your college transcript.
The Russian Specialist Diploma
If you completed this third level in the Russian university system, you may need a certified and notarized translation of your "Magistr," or Specialist Diploma. Your Russian Specialist Diploma is usually equivalent to a Master's Degree in the U.S. In Russia it qualifies you for professional positions and doctoral programs. The difference is that some U.S. Master's degrees do not require you to defend a thesis, but this seems to be uniformly required to earn your "Magistr" in Russia.
The Russian Doctoral Diploma
The Russian doctoral diploma, or "Kandidat Nauk," is equivalent to the Ph.D. in the U.S. and in Western Europe. Certified translations of this Russian diploma is requested less frequently than the Russian Bachelor's degree or Specialist Diploma, mostly because fewer people have them. Researchers and higher-education teachers may enter the highly-competitive "Aspirantura" program in Russia, and we often note this on the official certified diploma translation that we issue.
Another degree that follows the "Kandidat Nauk" is the "Doktor Nauk". This is roughly "Professor," in the U.S. educational system. When we translate and certify this Russian diploma, we may include special notes to explain the unique requirements to earn this diploma in Russia since it may not have an equivalent in the U.S. or a different target country.